Alfredo Sarmiento

Alfredo Sarmiento is economist, philosopher and university professor. Sarmiento has a MA in Economy from Los Andes University and a PhD in Economy from Erasmus University of Rotterdam. Currently, he is Director of the Mission Quality for Equality SED-UNDP and director for the development of public policy on prevention and protection of the rights to life, liberty, security and personal integrity. Luis Alfredo was director of the National Human Development Program of the United Nations Program for Development (UNDP) and the National Planning Department (NPD) from 2001 to 2009. Sarmiento is as well the former director of the Mission of Support to Decentralization and the targeting of social services for the education sector (Social Mission) UNDP-NPD from 1995 to 2001, and long term consultant for the World Bank as a specialist in Education Regional Technical Assistance Unit for the Social Sector (Social RUTA) in Central America from 1993-1995. Luis Alfredo is author of multiple publications and has conducted several research processes, in Colombia and abroad. He has been advisor in various Latino American and Caribbean countries in the design and implementation of management evaluation indicators and impact of social policy, and the development of systems for identifying beneficiaries of social programs. Also, Sarmiento has advised in targeting systems in several Latin American countries and is researcher and consultant in matters related to  Education and Social Program Evaluation for European Mission, UNDP, UNICEF, World Bank and IDB.
       

       

Andy Hargreaves

Andy Hargreaves is an educational researcher, writer, consultant, and advisor. He earned his PhD from the University of Leeds and holds an honorary doctorate from Uppsala University in Sweden. He currently serves as the Thomas Moore Brennan Chair of Education at the Lynch School of Education at Boston College. He is also an educational advisor to the Premier of Ontario. Prior to taking his post at Boston College, he was the co-founder and co-Director of the International Centre for Educational Change at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education. Hargreaves has authored more than 30 books and has received outstanding writing awards from the American Educational Research Association, the American Libraries Association, and the American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education. His research interests include educational change, professional capital in teaching, and uplifting leadership in schools. For the past two consecutive years, Hargreaves has been recognized as one of the top 10 scholars influencing education policy and practice in the United States.
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Angela Little

Angela Little is Professor Emerita at the University of London’s Institute of Education. Her research interests include multi-grade teaching, education and development, globalization and education, as well as the Millennium Development Goals and Education for All initiative. She has served as an educational advisor to various development organizations, including SIDA, UNICEF, ILO, UNESCO, and the World Bank. She is also a founding member of the London International Development Centre at the University of London. Little has authored numerous publications based on her research, including the 2006 book Education for All and Multigrade Teaching: challenges and opportunities. She is currently working with the Consortium for Research on Educational Access, Transitions and Equity (CREATE), which aims to increase awareness and understanding of the reasons why so many children fail to access and complete basic education around the world.
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Barbara Bruns

Barbara Bruns is a Visiting Fellow at the Center for Global Development, after a career in the World Bank, most recently as the lead education economist in the Latin America and Caribbean Region. She earned degrees from the London School of Economics and the University of Chicago. Her research focuses on teacher quality and rigorous evaluation of education programs.  Ms. Bruns was the first manager of the Strategic Impact Evaluation Fund (SIEF) at the World Bank and co-authored the World Bank/IMF Millenium Development Goals Global Monitoring Reports of 2005, 2006, and 2007. She also served on the Education Task Force appointed by the UN Secretary-General in 2003. She is the lead author of numerous books on education reform in developing countries, including her most recent book Great Teachers: How to Raise Student Learning in Latin America and the Caribbean (2015), with Javier Luque.
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Bernardo Toro

Bernardo Toro is a philosopher and magister for Educational Research and Technologies as well as for Mathematics and Physics and serves as advisor to the Presidency of the Avina Foundation. He is a member of the International Council of the Ethos Institute in Brazil as well as the coordinator of the Citizen Oversight of the Fondo de Inversion para la Paz (FIP) of the Presidency of the Republic of Colombia. Bernardo Toro has worked as a temporary consultant in the areas of education, communication and social mobilization for UNICEF, the World Bank and the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB). Among other responsibilities, he has been an advisor to the Ministries of Education and Communications of Colombia, Brazil and Mexico. He has also served as president of the Corporation "Viva La Ciudadanía", the Colombian Center for Corporate Responsibility (CCRE) and Colombia Confederation of NGOs (CCNGO).
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Beryl Levinger

Beryl Levinger is a highly regarded development professional focusing on evaluation, capacity development, strategic planning, education, and health. She holds a PhD in Educational Planning and Administration of the University of Alabama. Her current role is Distinguished Professor and Chair of Development Practice and Policy Program at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies of Monterey (USA). She has worked in more than 90 countries with such organizations as the World Bank, UNHCR, USAID, Save the Children, the Carter Center, the International Committee of the Red Cross, Freedom from Hunger, Project Concern International, Partners in Health, the Packard Foundation, the Inter-American Development Bank, and Stanford University’s Center for Ocean Solutions. Her career includes senior positions at AFS Intercultural Programs (president), CARE (senior vice president) and Save the Children (vice president). She is a former vice chair of both Pact and InterAction and for the past 15 years she has been research director/co-director of Save the Children's State of the World's Mothers Report. Beryl has won numerous international awards for the quality of her contributions to the field of development. Beryl Levinger is a co-author of the first manual of Fundación Escuela Nueva Volvamos a la Gente in Colombia.
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Cecilia María Vélez

Cecilia María Vélez is a visiting professor at the Graduate School of Education of Harvard and an international consultant on institutional developpment. Veléz was Minister of Education of Colombia from 2002 to 2010. During this period, she led the transformation of the education sector, increased education coverage at every level and established an evaluation and continuous improvement system that has led the country to show progress in international tests results. Vélez especially emphasized the institutional development of the sector by modernizing information systems and local education administrations. Cecilia María Vélez was Secretary of Education of Bogotá from 1998 to 2002. She succeeded in incresing basic education coverage, promoting alliances between the public and private sector including the colegios en concesión (somewhat similar to charter schools), organizing network of district public libraries, transforming the concept of quality education, and modernizing the local administration. Since 2012, Vélez is President of the Jorger Lozano University.
       
   

Daniel Lozano Flórez

Daniel Lozano Flórez is a Sociologist from the National University of Colombia and he holds a Master of Education from the National Pedagogic University. He is a PhD Candidate in Political Studies at the Externado University of Colombia. Currently, Flórez is Dean at the Faculty of Education at La Salle University and a professor in the Education Master program. He is also Member of the research group “Education and Society”. Flórez’ main research and teaching interests are Evaluation in Education, Education Policy, Rural Sociology and Education Administration. He has recently published academic papers in relation with teacher evaluation in Colombia, construction and management of municipal education systems, education and social ties, rural education, and local development.
 
       
   

Denise Vaillant

Denise Vaillant holds a PhD in Education from the University of Québec in Montréal, Canada and a Masters in Educational Planning and Management from the University of Geneva, Switzerland. She held various positions in the Administration of National and Public Education in Uruguay. She is a visiting professor at several Latin American and European universities, adviser to several international organizations and author of articles and books related to the subject of the profession of teaching, educational reform and innovation. She currently directs the Institute of Education and the Doctoral Program in Education at the University ORT Uruguay and chairs the International Observatory of the Teaching Profession based at the University of Barcelona. She counts as Level II researcher in the National Research System (SNI) of Uruguay.
Her latest books:
-Aguerrondo, I. and Vaillant, D. (2015). Learning Under Scrutiny: New Perspectives for Latin America and the Caribbean. UNICEF. Panama.
- Vaillant, D and Marcelo Garcia, C. (2015). ABC and D of teacher training. NARCEA, Barcelona
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Eduardo Vélez Bustillo

Eduardo Vélez Bustillo is an Adjunct Professor in the School of Foreign Service (SFS) at Georgetown University and an international expert in education policy. He holds a Ph.D. in Sociology from the University of Illinois. Professor Velez has written extensively on the subjects of Economics, Education, Development and Sociology (he has published nine books and more than 90 articles in professional journals and book chapters as well as numerous research reports). He is currently engaged as a Senior Adviser (Vice-Presidency Social Development) at CAF, Corporación Andina de Fomento. Eduardo Velez has worked many years at the World Bank in Washington D.C., Mexico City and in Beijing. He was Education Sector Manager for East Asia and the Pacific, and Education Sector Manager for Latin American and the Caribbean, Sector Coordinator (Human Development) for the China program, Sector Leader (Human and Social Development for Colombia, Mexico and Venezuela), and Human Development Cluster Leader for Uganda and Tanzania. He also served as Principal Education Specialist for Eastern and Southern Africa.
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Eduardo Aldana Valdés

Eduardo Aldana Valdés is a civil engineer from Los Andes University, he owns a M. Sc. from University of Illinois and a Ph.D. from the M.I.T. He has been President of Los Andes University, director of Colciencias, and governor of Tolima.
       
   

Eileen McGivney

Eileen McGivney is a Research Associate at the Center for Universal Education at the Brookings Institution in Washington, DC. Her research interests include the skills children need to be successful for the future, particularly social and emotional skills in addition to academics, and how innovation can help education systems ensure high-quality learning outcomes. Most recently, she has worked on reports for CUE’s Skills for a Changing World and Millions Learning projects, and currently is looking at innovations around the globe that are transforming the teaching and learning environment. Prior to Brookings, Eileen worked in Turkey as a researcher and data analyst as well as an English teacher. She holds degrees from the University of Illinois and Sabanci University in Istanbul.
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Enrique Chaux

Enrique Chaux earned his doctoral degree (Ph.D.) in Education from Harvard University in Massachusetts, USA. He is a renowned Professor and Industrial Engineer from the Universidad de los Andes, Bogotá. He is currently engaged as an associate professor at the Department of Psychology and as the director of the Research Group "Aggression, Conflict and Education for Coexistence" of the Universidad de los Andes, Colombia. He has worked as a consultant and advisor for the Ministry of Education and other agencies of national and regional scope concerned with citizenship skills and school violence. Professor Chaux has also been evaluator and consultant to journals of national and international research and has authored and coauthored over 40 scientific articles, books and book chapters related to youth violence, school violence and citizenship skills. He has studied the effects of prevention and intervention programs of school violence in urban and rural areas of Colombia. Lately he has focused on the study of school aggression (bullying) in schools of the Colombian population.
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Ernesto Schiefelbein

Ernesto Schiefelbein is an economist, education adviser, and former Minister of Education under President Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle of Chile. He studied Economics at the University of Chile and earned his PhD in Education from Harvard University. Most recently, he served as the head of Government and University Administration at the Autonomous University of Chile. He is the former Director of the UNESCO Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean. He has also worked as an economist and education adviser at the World Bank. Schiefelbein has been honored by numerous awards for his work in education, including the 2004 Jan Amos Comenius Medal, presented by UNESCO at the International Conference on Education in Geneva, and the 2007 National Education Prize, awarded by the government of Chile.
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Esteban Moctezuma Barragán

Esteban Moctezuma Barragán graduated in Economy from the Universidad Autónoma of Mexico. He owns a MA in Economic Policy from Cambridge University (England) and graduated in Regional Development in Tokyo, Japan. Moctezuma is currently the CEO of Fundación Azteca of México. In addition, he has been Professor in the Colegio de México, President of the Board of the Latin American Institute for Educational Communication (ILCE) and General Director of the Mexico Program at the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA). Moctezuma is a notable journalist of La Reforma, El Universal and Pulso de San Luis Potosí newspapers.  He is as well a commentator for Reporte Índigo. Moctezuma has published in the Fondo de Cultura Económica two important books: “Public Education Facing New Realities” and “For a Government with Results”.

 

       

   

Inés Aguerrondo

Inés Aguerrondo has more than forty years of experience working in the public sector, specifically in educational planning and improving the organization and administration of ministries of education. She earned her MA in Social Policy from the National University of San Martin in Buenos Aires, Argentina. She currently serves as a senior consultant and researcher at International Institute of Educational Planning IIEP-UNESCO in Buenos Aires. She is also a professor at the University of San Andrés (Argentina), the University Torcuato Di Tella (Argentina), and the University ORT (Uruguay). Additionally, she coordinates the Management Area of the Education Department at the Catholic University of Argentina. From 1996-1999 she was the Under Secretary of Planning and Programming at the National Ministry of Culture and Education in Argentina. She has also worked as a consultant for various international organizations, including OECD, UNICEF, and OAS.
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Jairo Arboleda

Jairo Arboleda, has a PhD in sociology from Indiana University in the United States. He was Senior Specialist of Social Development at the World Bank office where he led the construction of the pillar of sustainable peace in the portfolio of the Workld Bank in Colombia, which consisted of a series of analytical studies, loans and grants to address conflict, development and peace. Before the World Bank, he worked for 14 years at Save the Children international organization where he held several positions, including Director of Training at the international level, Regional Director for Latin America and the Caribbean and Country Manager for Colombia. In the public sector of Colombia he was Deputy Director of the Colombian Institute of Family Welfare (ICBF) between 1977 and 1979 and principal researcher of the Research Center of the Faculty of Education at the University of Antioquia in where he led the pioneering project on long-distance education for Colombia "La Universidad Desescolarizada" between 1974 ans 1977.
       
       
   

José Manuel Restrepo

José Manuel Restrepo is an economist from the Rosario University and specialist in Private Finance and Senior Management. He has an MA in Economics from the London School of Economics and earned his doctorate in Management of Higher Education Institutions at the University of Bath. After working in the Economic Commissions of the Congress of Colombia, as town councillorat the Local Administrative Board of Chapinero, and Director of Financial Planning and Budgeting at FONADE-DNP, he served as Academic Vicepresidentof the Rosario University . Simultaneously, he worked as advisor for the Board of Institutions of the National Committee for Quality Assurance in Higher Education (Conaces), later he was president of the Business University of the Chamber of Commerce of Bogota and the School of Higher Studies (CESA), advisor for the ICFES and the National Council for Accreditation of Higher education as well as researcher on issues of economic management in education. He is currently the President of the Rosario Universidad . He is a columnist and actively contributes to the media as an expert in economics and finance, and he is a member of the Board of Directors at Icetex, Colsubsidio, Gimnasio Vermont, ICP-Institute of Political Science, among others. He has received recognitions by the Gimnasio Campestre, the Junior Chamber of Colombia, and was recently awarded with the General Jose Maria Cordova medal of military merit.
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Juan Carlos Ramirez Jaramillo

Juan Jamillo works for the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) since 1999. At the headquarters in Santiago de Chile, he was Director of the Latin American Institute of Economic and Social Planning (ILPES) and regional advisor. He is Office Director in Colombia since 2009. Ramírez is a scholar and expert in economic and social development. He earned a degree in economics from Los Andes University in Bogotá and a PhD in economy from the University of Paris I Pantheon-Sorbonne. He was Director of the National Planning Department from 1996 to 1997. His career path in public policy has been related to issues such as employment, public expenditure, technology development and small business.
       
   

Keith Lewin

Keith Lewin is Professor Emeritus of International Education at the University of Sussex and Director of the Centre for International Education (CIE) 1995-2011. He worked as Director of Research Studies in Education and founding Director of the Sussex International Masters Degree programme. He was supervisor of more than 40 Ph Ds on Education and Development and served as Director of the Consortium for Research on Educational Access, Transitions and Equity (CREATE) with funding from DFID of £2.5 million (2005-2012). He has worked as senior consultant to UN agencies, World Bank, DFID, UNICEF and UNESCO and other bi-laterals and many national governments in Africa and Asia. He has been the Director/ team leader on many research and development projects across Africa, Asia and the Caribbean. His Special interests include the economics of education and development, policy analysis and financial planning, science and technology and development policy, strategies for development aid including public/private partnerships and post 2015 goals and targets, evaluation of aid programmes, teacher education; and assessment. His publications include more than 15 books on education and development, over 100 refereed journal articles and book chapters, 60 commissioned policy reviews and substantial consultancy reports, and a wide variety of occasional papers and working documents for research projects.
       
     

María Figueroa

María Figueroa is a biologist from Los Andes University and has an MA in Education from Columbia University and an EdD from Stanford University. During 12 years, María was professor and researcher at CIFE (Center for Research and Training in Education) of Los Andes University in issues related to learning and evaluation of different disciplines, teacher evaluation, and assessment of generic skills. Currently, María is the Dean of the Faculty of Education of the Externado University of Colombia. María has been a consultant for Icfes (the Colombian Institute for the Promotion of Higher Education) and for the Ministry of Education. In addition, she has partcipated in various public policy projects in education such as the teacher evaluation system, and impact evaluation of educational programs.
       
   

Maria Victoria Angulo Gonzalez

Social economist with 18 years of experience in social public policy with an emphasis in education; she as worked for 14 years in the public sector in entities like the National Departmeent of Planning, the Ministry of Development, the District Secretary of Finance, and the Ministry of Education where for seven years she worked as Deputy Director of Development for Tertiary Education Institutions and Director of Development for Tertiary Education. For four years she was Executive Director of the Empresarios for Education Foundation and is currently carrying out the role of Bogota's Secretary of Education. It is important to highlight the opportunity, at a personal and professional level, that these experiences have represented for Ms. Angulo. These experiences have allowed her to be aware of the country’s reality, to become passionate about social issues, and to learn about the education sector at different dimensions: the public arena, the teaching profession, different Colombian colleges’ board of directors, and the coordinated work with companies interested in contributing to education.  Her life vocation is to connect dreams, projects, actors and resources to contribute to quality education improvement.
       

   

Michael Fullan

Michael Fullan is an educational researcher and adviser based out of Toronto, Ontario. He earned his Doctorate in Sociology from the University of Toronto in 1969 and went on to become a graduate professor. In 1988, he was appointed dean of the University of Toronto’s Faculty of Education, later known as the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education (OISE). In 2003, Fullan stepped down from his post as dean and from 2004 -2013 he served as Special Policy Adviser in Education to the Premier of Ontario. Today, he continues his work with OISE as professor emeritus. Fullan is well known for his research in educational reform, and he has consulted school districts, research institutes, and governments around the world. He has also produced several successful publications on organizational change, including the bestselling books "Leading in a Culture of Change and Turnaround Leadership". In 2012, Fullan was recognized as an Officer of the Order of Canada for his achievements in educational reform both at home and abroad.
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Miryam Lucia Ochoa Piedrahíta

Miryam Lucia Ochoa Piedrahíta is professor and researcher in education with a special empahsis on teacher training. Miryam Ochoa graduated in Education from Los Andes University (Bogotá, Colombia), and owns a MA in Science of Education from Indiana University of (bloomington, USA). Miryam Ochoa was the Dean of Education at the Externado University of Colombia until 2014. Currently, she is Professor Emerita and consultant of the President of the Externado University in matters related to quality and accreditation. In addition, Miryam Ochoa is an international consultant for the OAS, UNESCO, IDB, ILO, World Bank, SECAB - Convenio Andrés Bello- and Kellogg foundation. In addition, she is Commissioner and Coordinator of the Board of Education of the Inter Sectorial Commission for Quality Assurance in Higher Education (CONACES) of the Ministry of Education as well as consultant for the design of new guidelines for teacher training. Miryam Ochoa is Member of the Directive Board of the Institute for Pedagogical Research and Development (IDEP) of the Secretary of Education of Bogotá.
       
       
   

Reema Nayar

Reema Nayar is Practice Manager for the World Bank and earns a PHD in Economics from Brown University, United States. Currently managing the department of Education Global Practice for Latin America and the Caribbean for the World Bank where she provides strategic direction for services and financing of education in the region. Nayar counts with more than 20 years of experience working for the World Bank in several countries around the world and was also the Lead Economist at the Human Development in South Asia region still for the World Bank. She authored various issues on themes about education and skills, and poverty and gender.
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Robert Arnove

Robert Arnove is the Chancellor's Professor Emeritus at Indiana University’s School of Education. He earned his PhD in International Development Education from Stanford University, and went on to become one of the leading academics in the field of comparative and international education. He has researched national education systems around the world, including the study of political and educational change in Latin America. From 2000-2001 he served as President of the North American Comparative and International Education Society. He was also a representative from CIES to the World Council of Comparative Education Society, and the first chair of its Special Projects Committee. He has received multiple awards from Indiana University throughout his career, including the University Graduate School Distinguished Teaching and Mentoring Award in 1998.
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Santiago Rincón-Gallardo

Dr. Santiago Rincón-Gallardo is Chief Research Officer at Michael Fullan's education consulting team, and a visiting scholar at the University of Toronto's Ontario Institute for Studies in Education. Rincón-Gallardo assists in the monitoring and evaluation of multiple education projects in the United States, Canada, and Latin America. His research focuses on understanding the conditions in which effective pedagogy can be disseminated on a large scale in educational systems. Through this lens, Rincón-Gallardo examines projects that have been successful in changing educational outcomes on a large scale, including Fundación Escuela Nueva.
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Stephen Anderson

Stephen Anderson holds a PhD in Education Sociology. He is a Professor at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, University of Toronto, and Director of OISE’s Comparative, International and Development Education Program and Center. His professional research and consulting work focuses on school improvement, teacher development, and education leadership in Canada, the United States, East Africa, Pakistan, and Latin America. Among his current and recent research projects are an investigation of teacher and principal professional learning networks in Kenya; a comparative study of school effectiveness in  high and low performing Ontario elementary schools; a study of school leadership in Chilean primary schools; and an investigation of leadership practices affecting teaching and learning in the United States (9 states, 45 schools districts, 180 schools). In addition to numerous contributions to books, he has published a multitude of articles in such highly recognized journals as the Journal of Educational Change; International Journal of Educational Development; Canadian Journal of Education; Journal of Educational Administration; International Journal of Educational Reform; School Effectiveness and School Improvement; Leadership and Policy in Schools; and the Journal of Staff Development.
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Tom Luschei

Formerly a teacher in the Los Angeles Unified School District, Tom Luschei is now an Associate Professor and Co-Director of the Urban Leadership Program at Claremont Graduate University’s School of Educational Studies. He earned his MA and PhD degrees at Stanford University and also holds a Master’s of Public Affairs from the University of Texas at Austin. His academic research focuses on the impact and availability of quality educational resources within disadvantaged communities, particularly in the developing world. In 2013, he conducted first-hand research on the impact of Escuela Nueva´s educational model in urban communities. Luschei has published articles in scholarly journals such as the American Educational Research Journal, the American Journal of Education, the Asia Pacific Journal of Education, and the International Journal of Educational Development. In addition to his academic career, Luschei has worked as an educational advisor for the World Bank, UNICEF, and the United Kingdom’s Department for International Development. He has also served on the Board of Directors of the Comparative and International Education Society.
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Vicky Colbert

Vicky Colbert is founder and director of Fundación Escuela Nueva and coauthor of the Escuela Nueva educational model, worldwide known for its proven effectiveness in improving the quality of education. She has developed, expanded and sustained this innovation from different organizational spheres: as the first Escuela Nueva National Coordinator, Director of Distance Education in Javeriana University, ViceMinister of Education of Colombia, UNICEF’s Regional Education Adviser for the LAC region and now, from Fundación Escuela Nueva, a nonprofit she founded in 1987 to ensure the quality and sustainability of the Escuela Nueva model in Colombia and abroad, and to further adapt its proven, cutting-edge pedagogy to new contexts and populations. Under Colbert´s leadership, FEN has adapted the Escuela Nueva model to urban settings (1987) and for migrant, displaced populations in emergency situations (2001) and just recently was ranked 42nd by The Global Journal among the Top 100 Best NGOs worldwide. Colbert has been recognized as an Outstanding Social Entrepreneur by the Schwab Foundation and by Ashoka. She has been awarded with the World Technology Award in Social Entrepreneurship (2005), the Skoll Award for Social Entrepreneurship (2006), the first version of the Clinton Global Citizenship Award (2008). In 2009 she was awarded with the Qatar Foundation´s WISE Award for her efforts in education for pluralism and in 2011 received the Kravis Prize in Leadership. She was honored as the 2013 WISE Prize for Education Laureate from the Qatar Foundation. She completed her undergraduate Sociology degree in Javeriana University in Colombia and earned two M.A.´s in Sociology of Education and Comparative International Education from Stanford University in the United States.
       
   

Victor Saavedra

He graduated in economics in 2009 from Los Andes University; since then, he has continued his studies in order to tackle major challenges. He has a master in economy from the same university, and another one in public policy from Harvard University. During his professional path, Victor Saavedra carried out important positions such as Head of Planning and Finances and deputy Minister Ad Hoc for the Private Secondary Schools at the Ministry of Education; advisor for the SENA´s General Direction; research assistant at the David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies of Harvard University (DCRLAS); economic advisor and coordinator of the legislative work unit at the Congress of Colombia; as well as research assistant and politics and economis editor in FEDESARROLLO, among others. Currently, Victor Saavedra is Deputy Minister of Preschool, Basic and Secondary Education of Colombia.